The current education system does not focus on training young people in employable skills that can provide them with employment opportunities, and a large section of India’s labour force has outdated skills. With the expected economic growth, this challenge is going to only increase further, since more than 75% of new job opportunities are expected to be skill-based. The government, thus, is strongly emphasizing on upgrading people’s skills by providing vocational education and training to them.
National Skill Development Agency (Government of INDIA)
NSDA is an autonomous body of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship formed on 6th June, 2013
It will anchor the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) & facilitate the setting up of professional certifying bodies
Will coordinate and harmonize the approach to skill development among various Central Ministries/Departments, State Governments, the NSDC and the private sector;
State Skill Development Missions (SSDM)
Honorable Prime Minster addressed to all Chief Minister’s on accelerating action for skill development and making two specific suggestions for the State Government:
- Making available buildings of public educational institutions after class hours for skill development activities by agencies including the private sector, on mutually agreed terms
- Setting up State Level Skill Development Missions to provide inter-sectoral coordination at State level and State level mission for skill development may be chaired by Chief Minister
National Occupation Standards (NOS) and Qualification Packs (QP)
- National Occupational Standards (NOSs) specify the standard of performance that an individual must achieve when carrying out a particular activity at workplace
- Defines knowledge and understanding individual needs, to meet the standard consistently.
- Each NOS defines one key function in a job role.
- Qualification pack (QP) is a set of NOS aligned to a job role.
National Skill Development Corporation
- Unique Public Private Partnership in India with the Ministry of Finance.
- To promote skill development by catalyzing creation of large, quality, for-profit vocational institutions.
- Provides funding to build scalable, for-profit vocational training initiatives.
- Enable support systems such as quality assurance, information systems and train the trainer academies either directly or through partnerships.
- Promote skill development by catalyzing creation of large, quality, for-profit vocational institutions
- Acts as a catalyst in skill development by providing funding to enterprises, companies and organizations
Sector Skill Councils
- Industry-led bodies responsible for the defining the skilling needs, concept, processes, certification, accreditation of their respective industry sectors.
- Prescribe the National Occupation Standard – NOSs and Qualification Pack – QPs for the job roles relevant to their industry
- Work with the National Skill Development Agency – NSDA to ensure that these are in accordance with the National Skills Qualifications Framework – NSQF.